Lose yourself in the wildlife of Orissa. Get a chance to glimpse the white tigers moving with abandon in Nandankanan, while the elephants stopping your way in Simlipal!
Gear up for unlimited Adventure at the Satkosia gorge. Experience the unique cocktail of wildlife trekking, adventure trip and serene environment.
Meticulously chiseled stones of the edifice defies logic and stupefies the senses!
Take on to adventure boating or simply submerge yourself in resonating sounds of clashing waterfalls in Machhkund
Experience the serenity spread all around in the soft lambent rays of sun dancing over the sea in Goplapur.
On to Mother Nature’s lap with amazing view of waterfalls that remind of Niagra falls!
Watch the waves recede 5 kilometer back every day here in the silvery beaches of Chandipur.
Spiritual abode of India, the temple of Lord Jagannath bestows bliss on the pilgrim who arrive here in search of enlighten.
Take a tour to the tribal dominion of Orissa and discover a world hidden beyond the realms of the modern man!
The Largest brackish Salt water lagoon of Asia mesmerizes with panoramic view and migratory birds swarming on unending expanse of water.
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General Introduction

Tribal in forest, Orissa TribalOf all the states of India, Orissa has the largest concentration; variety and population of tribes. There are in all 437 different tribes in the country and as many as 62 of them inhabit in Orissa. In all they constitute about 24% of the entire population of the state. These tribes mainly inhabit the Eastern Ghats hill range, which runs in the north-south direction. More than half of their population is concentrated in three districts of Koraput (undivided), Sundergarh and Mayurbhanj.

Taking Language as the basis, tribes in India are basically classified into four broad categories:

(1) Indo-Aryan speakers
(2) Dravidian speakers
(3) Austric speakers
(4) Tibeto-Burmese speakers

Tribal selling vegetables, Orissa TribalOf the above four categories, barring the tribal belonging to the Tibeto-Burmese language , Orissa hosts all other tribal class.

The Indo-Aryan language family in Orissa includes Dhelki-Oriya, Matia, Haleba, Jharia, Saunti, Laria and Oriya (spoken by Bathudi and the acculturated sections of Bhuyans, Juang, Kondh, Savara, Raj Gond etc.). The Austric language family includes eighteen tribal languages namely, Birija, Parenga, Kisan, Bhumiji, Koda, Mahili Bhumiji, Mirdha-Kharia, Ollar Gadaba, Juang, Bondo, Didayee, Karmali, Kharia, Munda, Ho, Mundari and Savara. And within the Dravidian language family there are nine languages in Orissa, namely, Pengo, Gondi, Kisan, Konda, Koya. Parji, Kui, Kuvi and Kurukh or Oraon.

Major Tribes Of Orissa

The tribes of Orissa though belong to three linguistic divisions, yet they have lots of socio-cultural similarities between them. These commonalities signify homogeneity of their cultures and together they characterize the notion or concept of tribalism. Mentioned below is a list of the major variety of tribals inhabiting different regions of the state:

Name

 

Area

Kondh

 

Keonjhar, Kondhamal, Sambalpur, Bolangir, Koraput, Ganjam

 

 

and Sundergarh

Saura

 

Koraput, Ganjam and Bolangir

Gond

 

Sambalpur, Bolangir, Koraput, Kalahandi and Sundergarh

Santal

 

Mayurbhanj, Balasore, and Keonjhar

Paraja

 

Koraput, Kalahandi and Sundergarh

Gadaba

 

Koraput,Nowrangpur, and Malkangiri

Koya

 

Koraput and Malkangiri

Oraon

 

Sambalpur, Sundergarh, Gunupur, and Bonai

Bhuiji

 

Mayurbhanj,Sundergarh, Keonjhar, Balasore and Pallahara

Bonda

 

Koraput and Malkangiri

Juang

 

Keonjhar & Dhenkanal

Tribal gathering,Orissa TribalOrissa has 36% of its land mass covered under forests. And residing amidst these natural landscapes of the state are its primitive. dwellers; “The Tribal”, who have inhabited these parts of the world since time immemorial. In fact of the total population of the state the tribal of Orissa form a major chunk. What a significant role these aborigines have played in the evolution of the state can be gauged from the fact that the presiding deity of Orissa Lord Jagannath owes its origin to these tribal only.

List of Tribes of Orissa

Bagata

Korua

Desua Bhumij

Holva

Kisan

Bhunjia

Mankirdia

Paroja

Baiga

Kotia

Dharua

Jatapu

Kol

Binjhal

Matya

Pentia

Banjara, Banjari

Koya

Didayi

Jung

Kolah Laharas, Kol Laharas

Binihia, Binjhoa

Mirdhas

Rajuar

Bathudi

Kulis

Gadaba

Kandha gauda

Kolha

Birhor

Munda, Lahora, Mahalis

Santal

Bhottada, Dhotada

Lodha

Gandia

Kawar

Koli, Malhar

Bondo Poraja

Mundari

Saora, Sever, Saura, Sahara

Bhuiya, Hbuyan

Madia

Ghara

Kharia, Kharian

Kondadora

Chenchu

Omanatya

Shabar, Lodha

Bhumia

Mahali

Gond, Gondo

Kharwar

Kora

Dal

Oraon

Sounti

Bhumij

Mankidi

Ho

Khond, Kond, Kandha, Nanguli, Sitha Kendha

 

 

 

Tharua

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